FianzasAny Jail, Any Time, Any Place

Immigration Reforms – The Hot Topic of Discussion

2019 has been a very politically controversial year, immigration reforms being one of the inevitable constituents of these controversies. The American president, Donald Trump has made a number of promises to make crucial amendments in the existing immigration laws and is all set to implement many of them also.

Meaning of Immigration Reforms

Immigration reforms refer to attempts to amend the immigration laws in a country. These amendments in the laws might lead to drastic changes in the lives of the people living illegally in the country. People have moved to the US for several reasons- for jobs, for their families and many other reasons. According to the statistics, there were around 45 million immigrants in the US in 2017. These changes may ease their lives or lead to strict deportation.

The immigration system was established by the US Congress, under certain acts such as the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882, the National Origins Act of 1994 and the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996. In 2017, Trump proposed to make amendments to the existing immigration laws. By immigration reforms, Trump meant stricter procedures for a green card, stricter border security, enforcing the "rule of law" policies for people traveling to the US without a valid visa.

Critical appraisal by the US public

Immigration ruins a lot of families by displacing the people and deporting them. But the American population has a different view, which is controversial. In a Gallup poll, public opinions are analyzed by questioning a sample of the population. In 2020, Under a Gallup poll in the US regarding the immigration laws, the following was the outcome:-

  • Around 29% population is satisfied, while 28% population is dissatisfied with the existing immigration levels in the country.
  • Around 26% of the dissatisfied population wants the immigrant population to be decreased, which is a very small proportion.
  • 39% of the population considers the US border with Mexico a crisis, while 35% take it as a major problem
  • In 2019, 42% of people think that immigration is worse for the country in terms of crime and taxes.
  • In 2019, 47% of people think immigration a critical threat in 10 years.

Hence, in the past years, a low percentage of 35% want to reduce the number of immigrants in the country, while only 19% think immigration is bad for the country.

Attempts for immigration reforms: 2016

On 25 May 2006, the US Senate passed a bill. The bill was regarding border security, interior enforcement, worksite enforcement, and many other immigration-related policies. The bill divided the US immigrants into 3 categories-

  • Legalization after a certain procedure
  • Departure before applying for legalization
  • Compulsory departure

Along with this, the bill also provided grants to the states to meet the health and education costs of the immigrants.

On December 16, 2005, the US parliament passed the Border Protection, Antiterrorism and Illegal Immigration Control Act, 2005. The act focused on three main areas:- border security, interior enforcement, and worksite enforcement. Under this, the state should mandatorily verify the legal status of the employees. Violation of the immigration laws was considered as a crime and passed the authority of punishment to the state and local law authorities.

Though the US government is trying its best to make the immigration laws stricter and avoid any more immigrants, the public of US like immigrants and live together with peace without any discrimination on the basis or US citizen and immigrants. Hence, people don't see a need to deport immigrants.

Leave a Reply